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Egyptian  Pyramids   click to down load article
Many of us have visited the famous pyramids of Giza and were stunned by their size and age, nevertheless the beautiful and, to some, mystical Sphinx draws special attention. Despite the enormous research efforts over time archeologists from all over the world were not able yet to piece together the technical details how these huge pyramids were built. The question also remains for what reason the ancient pharaoh’s ordered to create the eye catching Sphinx.

Luxor Temple     click to down load article
The most interesting temple complex of Luxor was built by pharaoh Amenhotep III. also known by his Greek name Amenophis, and the legendary Ramses II. who also created the two famous grotto temples at Abu Simbel. During the New Kingdom period over one million people lived in the Luxor area and it is no surprise when ancient records mention, that the city had over 100 gates. The temple was built for the three main gods Amun, his wife Mut and their son Chons, forming the leading trinity of gods in Luxor.

Karnak Temple   click to down load article
The Karnak temple complex is the biggest in ancient Egypt and with 60% of the ruins either partly rebuilt or still visible, it gives a good impression of the extension of this key Egyptian holy site. It is important to understand that 12 of the 32 pharaohs of the New Kingdom period built pylons, halls, temples and obelisks at Karnak and even 1,000 years later two pharaohs of the 30th dynasty during Greek Ptolemy times added sacred buildings..

West Thebes   click to down load article
At Medinet Habu 60% of buildings are still in situ and it is one of the best preserved.As multi-functional complex it served as palace and funerary temple for Ramses III. and as main administrative and production center. Another impressive building is the mortuary temple of female pharaoh Hatshepsut. This unique temple is very different from all others through it’s post modern style, which would easily fit into any modern European environment 3,500 years later. Situated at the foot of 300 meter high mountain amphitheater it is now 90% rebuilt with some final touches still being done.

Valley of Kings & Queens Tombs  click to down load article
In the Valley of Kings so far 65 tombs have been found and 36 tombs could be allocated to specific New Kingdom rulers of the 19th to 21st dynasties. Certainly the most well known tomb is that of Tutanchamun, because it is one of the very few, which was not robbed in antiquity.  In the Valley of Queens only 10 tombs have been found so far, including also tombs of various princes. The tomb of queen Nefertari, the most favored wife of Ramses II, has been well restored with relief worked out of stucco layers with many colored relief scenes.

Kom Ombo & Edfu Temples   click to down load article
Edfu was home of falcon headed god Horus and was covered by Nile mud piled up over 1,000 years by annual flooding. Therefore the temple and it’s relief art are well preserved with 70% of the structures still in situ. The Horus temple was started under pharaoh Ptolemy III. in 237 BC with many extensions built over 180 years. The unique Kom Ombo double temple is a must see despite the fact that 70% is destroyed and it is rather small. But the interesting relief scenes are impressive, especially the Egyptian medical knowledge.
 
Abu Simbel Temples   click to down load article
These uniquetemples carved out of the rock face were a very important manifestation of power of “The Pharaoh” Ramses II. They were inaugurated in year 24 of his very long rule of 66 years. Just consider where he positioned these temples, at the most southern border of his empire. So these temples far away from the capital were a demonstration of immense power and extension of the Egyptian empire. When the Nasser dam was built Abu Simbel had to be moved to higher ground in a complex operation which lasted 17 years.

Island Temples of Philae & Kalabsha  click to down load article
The ancient Isis temple on Philae island was built by Greek origin Pharaoh Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos approximately 370 BC, so it is a late Egyptian temple. Some interesting relief scenes can be seen including the important zodiac cosmic order carvings & Pharaoh Ptolemy XII. presenting the double crown to falcon headed god Horus. The partly unfinished Kalabsha temple was built to worship the local Nubian god Mandulis, which can be compared with Horus.

List of Egyptian Rulers
Comprehensive list with 65 pages containing details of all pharaohs from Pre-Dynastic Period to Ptolemaic Period spanning over 3,000 years incl. all names, royal family members, major constructions, pyramids, tombs, wars etc.

List of Egyptian Deities
List of most important 100 gods containing details about their depiction, symbolic animals, temples plus important comments about rituals, including provincial gods, gods of day & night, underworld & gods assisting at death trial.
 
List of over 1,000 rulers from Eypt to Mesopotamia starting about 3,000 BC to 500 AD, including contemporary relations, changing rulers and wars.